What is Agriculture?


What is Agriculture?

  • Agriculture is the backbone of our Indian Economy.

  • Agriculture is a very broad term encompassing all aspects of crop production, livestock farming, fisheries, forestry, etc.

  • Agriculture is the most important human economic activity.

  • Agriculture is the activity of man for the production of food, fiber, fuel, etc. by the optimum use of terrestrial resource i.e. land & water.

Definition of Agriculture:

  • The word agriculture comes from the Latin words ager, means the soil & cultura, means cultivation.

  • “Agriculture can be defined as the cultivation and/or production of crop plants or livestock products.”

  • Agriculture includes Crop Production, Animal Husbandry & Dairy Science, Agriculture Chemistry & Soil Science, Horticulture, Agril Economics, Agril Engineering, Botany, Plant Pathology, Extension Education and Entomology, which develops its separate and distinct branches of agriculture occupying now a days place in several Agril Universities in the country.

Conventional Agriculture:

  • “Conventional Agriculture is the term for predominant farming practices and systems of crop production adapted by farmer in a particular region”

Agriculture can be termed as a science, an art & business altogether.

Science: because it provides new and improved strain of crop and animal with the help of the knowledge of breeding and genetics, modern technology of dairy science.

Art: because it is the management whether it is crop or animal husbandry.

Commerce (Business): because the entire agril produce is linked with marketing, which brings in the question of profit or loss.

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