Rural Social Institutions


Rural Social Institutions

Social institution is the structure and machinery through which a human society organizes, directs and executes the multifarious activities required to satisfy human needs.

When man relates himself with others he creates what have been described as forms or structures in order to enable him meet his needs and function in other ways of life. These forms constitute the framework, channels or means through which he functions in society. Thus, the man is creator of forms in society, the formulator of rules, regulations, procedures, and forms or behavior, is governed and controlled by them, in order to function effectively in fulfillment of needs.

Social institutions have been created by man form social relationships in society to meet basic needs such as stability, law and order, clearly defined roles or authority and decision making.

There are five major institutions in rural society. These institutions are present in all societies so there are called as a basic institutions.

1. Family:

As an institution provides for care, protection and nature of children.

2. Educational:

Institutional imparts knowledge, skills and society acceptable attitudes.

3. Political:

Government Institution provide for law orders, settlement of disputes, administration affairs.

4. Religious:

Institution prescribes prayers and worship as a part of relation with God.

5. Economic (Occupation):

Institution provides basic physiological needs of the body- food, shelter and clothing. For this society provides farming and industry.

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