Organic Colloids – Soil Organic Matter


Organic Colloids – Soil Organic Matter

Soil organic matter (SOM) comprises an accumulation of

i) Partially disintegrated and decomposed plant and animal residues
ii) Other organic compounds synthesized by the soil microbes upon decay.

OM content of a well drained mineral soil is LOW: 1 – 6 % by weight in the top soil and even less in the subsoil.

Sources of Soil Organic Matter
The primary sources of SOM are plant tissues

  1. The tops and roots of trees

  2. Shrubs, grasses, remains of harvested crops and Soil organisms

Animals are secondary sources of Organic Matter.

  1. Waste products of animals

  2. Remains of animals after completion of life cycle.


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