Ecological Requirement and Land Preparation for Cultivation of Mustard or Rape Seed

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Ecological Requirement and Land Preparation for Cultivation of Mustard or Rape Seed

A) Climatic Requirement for Cultivation of Mustard or Rape Seed:

1. Mustard can be grown from subtropical to temperate type of climate.
2. It grows well in cool and dry climate therefore mostly grown in rabi season.
3. The temperature requirement is between 100 to 250C.
4. It is grown in the areas receiving 625 to 1000 mm annual rainfall.
5. It requires clear weather free from frost.

B) Soil Requirement for Cultivation of Mustard or Rape Seed:

1. Mustard can be grown in various kinds of soils ranging from light to heavy loam soil.
2. Well drained medium to deep soils are most ideal.

C) Preparation of Land Requirement for Cultivation of Mustard or Rape
Seed:

1. One ploughing and two harrowing are given.
2. If grown as second crop than land is prepared by giving two crosswise harrowing immediately after the harvest of kharif crop.
3. Land is cleaned off by collecting and destroying the stubbles.
4. Presoaking irrigation is applied and saras are prepared.

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