Cultivation of Chilli or Capsicum (Capsicum Annum or Capsicum frutescens)

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Cultivation of Chilli or Capsicum (Capsicum Annum or Capsicum frutescens)

Botanical Name:

1. Capsicum Annum L.(Fruits are long or small, but pungency is high.)

2. Capsicum frutescence L. (Large and inflated variety with very little pungency.)

Family:

Solanaceous.

Chilli is one of the most valuable crops of India. The crop is grown largely for its fruits all over the India. It is used in India as a principle ingredient of various curries, and chutneys. It is also used for vegetables, spices, condiments, sauces and pickles. Dry chillies are used for curry powder. Red colour in chili is due to "Capsanthin". Pungency in chillies is due to the active constituent "Capsaicin", an alkaloid, is extracted from chillies and is used to medicine

Package of Practices of Chilli or Capsicum Cultivation as Follows:

1. Climate and Soil Requirement

2. Sowing Time and Seed Rate

3. Layout and Spacing

4. Manures and Fertilizers

5. Improved Varieties

6. Irrigation

7. Intercultural operations, Pruning and Staking / Training

8. Harvesting and Yield

9. Insect Pest Control

10. Diseases Management

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