Classification of Farming Systems


Classification of Farming Systems

Many farms have a general similarity in size, products sold and methods followed is called a type of farming or when farms are quite similar in kind and production of the crops and live stock that are produced and methods and practices used in production, the group is called as type of farming.

On the basis of the share of gross income received from different sources and comparative advantage, the farming systems may be classified as follows:

Classification of Farming Systems:

A) According to the Size of the Farm:

a) Collective farming.
b) cultivation farming: i) small scale farming ii) large scale farming.

B) According to the Proportion of Land, Labour and Capital Investment:

a) Intensive cultivation.
b) Extensive cultivation.

C) According to the Value of Products or Income or on the basis of Comparative Advantages:

i) Specialized farming.
ii) Diversified farming.
iii) Mixed farming.
iv) Ranching.
v) Dry farming .

D) According to the Water Supply:

i) Rained farming.
ii) Irrigated farming.

E) According to:

I) Type of Rotation:

a) lay system:i)) unregulated lay farming
ii)) regulated lay system.
b) Field system.
c) Perennial crop system.

II) Intensity of the Rotation:

a) Shifting cultivation.
b) Lay or fallow farming.
c) Permanent cultivation.
d) Multiple cropping.

F) Classification According to Degree of Commercialization:

a) Commercialized farming.
b) Partly commercialized farming.
c) Subsistence farming.

G) Classification According to Degree of Nomadic:

a) Total nomadic.
b) Semi nomadic.
c) Partial nomadic.
d) Transhumant.
e) Stationary animal husbandry.

H) Classification According to Cropping and Animal Activities:

I) Classification According to Implements Used for Cultivation:

a) Spade farming.
b) Hoe farming.
c) Mechanized or tractor farming.

Leave a comment