Classification of Education


Classification of Education

A) Formal education.

B) Nan-formal education.

C) Informal education.

A) Formal Education:

Formal education is basically an institutional activity, uniform and subject oriented, full time, Sequential, hierarchically structured, leading to certificates degrees and diplomas.

Characteristics of Formal Education:

  1. Hierarchically structured
  2. Full time education.
  3. Technical and professional training.
  4. A variety of specialized programmes.
  5. Running from primary school through the university.
  6. Chronologically graded education system.

B) Non-formal Education:

Any organized education activity outside the established formal system whether operation Separately or as an important feature of some broader activity that is intended to serve Identifiable learning clienteles and learning objectives

Characteristics of Non Formal Education

1. It is flexible.
2. It is life, environment and learner oriented.
3. It is diversified in content and method.
4. It is non-authoritarian
5. It is built on learner-participation
6.  It organizer human and environmental potential.
7. It enhances human and environmental potential.

Provide selected types of learning to particular subgroups in the population, adults as well as children.

C) Informal Education:

The truly lifelong process whereby every individual acquires attitude, values, skills and  knowledge from daily experience and the educative inferences and resources in his or her environment from family and the educative inferences and resources in his or her environment from family and neighbors, form work and play, from the market place, the library and the mass media.

Characteristics of Informal Education:

1. Informal education is the least controlled, that’s why this type of education can not be excluded of somebody’s life.
2. Informal education consists of accidental, unclear, quantitative information.
3. It usually has a quantitative aspect that a qualitative one
4. Informal education refers even to emotions, feelings, beliefs, superstitions etc.
5.Informal education offers responsiveness ready response when interact with environment.
6. Informal education offers possibility to freely act in unknown situation.
7. Informal education offers freedom of self-formation.

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